A fjord is a deep, narrow and elongated sea or lakedrain, with steep land on three sides. The opening toward the sea is called the mouth of the fjord, and is often shallow. The fjord's inner part is called the sea bottom. If the geological formation is wider than it is long, it is not a fjord. Then it is a bay or cove.

    The fjords were formed by the giant glacier tongues that through several ice ages have shaped the landscape. A fjord is thus a U-shaped undersea valley, and on the west coast, this valley is often surrounded by dramatic mountain scenery. In front of the glacier arm, there was deposited a moraine of gravel and sand that formed an underwater barrier, often called "sea thresholds" or "ra". Places where the fjord is shallow.

    This shallow threshold in the mouth of the fjord, is the reason that fjords often are quieter than the open sea. Thus fjords are often natural harbors. Fjord is one of the few Norwegian words that have become international, especially in English where it is used directly. Fjord comes from the Norse fjǫrðr. This stems, in turn, from the prehistoric Indo-European word * prtús, derived from * por* or * per, meaning "go", "pass" or "to put over on the other side." Fjord in its basic meaning "where one fares through", then has the same origin that the word "fare" (travel). The verb "fare" and the noun "ferry", has the same origin.

    The Lysefjord is located in close proximity to the oil capital of Norway: Stavanger. It is the nearest fjord to the rest of Europe. The Lysefjord is carved out and shaped by glaciers during the ice ages. In this wild and brutal mountain people have scratched onto the hills and mountains for thousands of years. In many places you can see traces of human activity and conquest of the wild nature. Come and join the conquest of the wild nature as an active participant. The Pulpit Rock and Kjerag are both internationally renowned tourist destinations and are visited by hundreds of thousands each year. The world's longest wooden staircase with 4444 steps in Flørli is now sailing up as a major tourist attraction, and if you are really fit you should test your strength climbing these stair. Lysefjord is 40 km long, and at the deepest 450 meters. The mountains along the fjord is rising more than 1000 meters above sea level.